The Riemann Hypothesis — a 156-year-old mathematic puzzle, which was first being proposed by German mathematician Bernhard Riemann in 1859 has been solved by Dr. Opeyemi Enoch - a Nigerian professor.
Dr Opeyemi Enoch, from the Federal University in the ancient city of Oye Ekiti, believes he has solved one of the seven millennium problems in mathematics. The seven millennium problems are set out by the Massachusetts-based Clay Mathematical Institute (CMI) as being the "most difficult" to solve. The Riemann Hypothesis has become arguably the most famous problem in mathematics, since Fermat's Last Theorem was solved in the 1990's.
Not only it is a great achievement, but it can also bring professor $1.000.000 — a prize awarded by the CMI.
Explaining the hypothesis they state: "The prime number theorem determines the average distribution of the primes. The Riemann Hypothesis tells us about the deviation from the average. Formulated in Riemann's 1859 paper, it asserts that all the 'non-obvious' zeros of the zeta function are complex numbers with real part 1/2."
Although, it could take a lot of time before the CMI accept his solution and award Professor with the prize. CMI representative Naomi Kraker has told the media: "To our mind, [the Riemann's Hypothesis] remains unsolved."
The CMI say there are a number of prerequisites before Enoch — or anyone else — can claim the prize. Any solution would need to be published in a journal "of worldwide repute" and accepted for two years within the mathematics community before it would be considered, Kraker said.
The professor presented his proof on November 11 during the International Conference on Mathematics and Computer Science in Vienna. in an oral presentation called "A Matrix That Generates the Point Spectral of the Riemann Zeta Function." He claimed that solving this puzzle took seven years.
The Millennium Prize Problems were launched in May, 2000. They include seven problems considered by the Clay Mathematics Institute to be 'important classic questions that have resisted solution over the years'.
These include: P versus NP, The Hodge conjecture, The Poincaré conjecture, The Riemann hypothesis, Yang–Mills existence and mass gap, Navier–Stokes existence and smoothness and The Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture.
The first person to solve each of the problems will receive $1 million. Yet only one has been officially solved, the Poincare Conjecture by Grigoriy Perelman, to whom the prize was offered in 2010. However Perelman refused to accept the award -- as he had the Fields Prize in 2006.